An investigation of CITENI of the University of A Coruña on the use of laser technology in the conservation of cultural heritage, awarded in the IACOBUS Papers call for papers.

Ferrol, February 22 2024.- The European Association for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) of the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal has awarded its recognition to a research article developed by a multidisciplinary and cross-border team of researchers including Alberto Ramil and Ana J. López, from the Laboratorio de Aplicacións Industriais do Láser (LAIL) of the Centro de Investigación en Tecnoloxías Navais e Industriais (CITENI), in the Ferrol lndustrial Campus (CIF of the UDC.

The article, published in GeoHeritage magazine by Springer with the title «Building Granite Characterisation, Construction Phases, Mason’s Marks and Glyptography of Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe Church, Mouçós e Lamares, Galicia-North Portugal Euroregion», was awarded in the 2023/2024 call for IACOBUS Program Scientific publications (papers).

Co-authored by a cross-border and multidisciplinary team of researchers including the experts in laser technology applied to cultural heritage Ana J. López and Alberto Ramil, from the UDC, it reveals important historical and ethnographic findings of the Romanesque church of Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe in Mouçós e Lamares, in Vila Real, in the north of Portugal. In this work, coordinated by the geologist, David M. Freire-Lista, from the University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD) and the Geosciences Centre of the University of Coimbra (CGEO-UC), professors Bruno B. Campos and Patrícia Moreira, from the Portuguese Catholic University (UCP).

THE RESEARCH

The awarded article carries out an exhaustive study of the old Romanesque church, in the framework of which, through the application of different petrographic and petrophysical techniques, it was possible to characterise the different types of granite used in the building and to locate the historical quarries from which they were extracted (Sanguinhedo and Vale das Gatas). In addition, by means of a glyptographic analysis of the stone masonry marks of the stonework and their laser scanning, a task carried out by the UDC team, it was possible to identify the construction phases of the church, the stone masons who participated in each phase and the characteristic relief (surface finish of the stonework) that each one of them imprinted on it.

The laser scanning device developed by the UDC team made it possible to digitalise the surface finish of each perpiaño and the corresponding mark of the canteiro which, in the form of a signature, allowed him to charge for the work carried out. In the words of Ana J. López, “the stonemason mark is a unique characteristic of each stone masonry mark, often overlooked in restoration processes. It is part of the cultural heritage and provides relevant historical information that also needs to be preserved”.

The article stands out because, in addition to revealing important historical and ethnographic findings, this research contributes to the preservation of cultural heritage and to the sustainable development of tourism in the Galicia-North Portugal Euroregion.

THE IACOBUS PROGRAM

The IACOBUS Programme, managed by the European Association for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) of the Euroregion Galicia-North Portugal since 2014, has as its main objective to promote collaboration and joint development of scientific, cultural and educational activities between various academic and research institutions in this geographical area. Recognised for its success in the academic field, IACOBUS covers research projects in all areas of knowledge. It is part of the REDE IACOBUS project, co-financed by the European Union through the Interreg VIN-A Spain-Portugal Programme through the Interreg VIN-A Spain-Portugal Programme (POCTEP) 2021-2027. Currently, it offers financial aid in two categories: IACOBUS Stays and IACOBUS Scientific Publications (Papers).

The 2023/2024 call will allocate €150,000 to finance cross-border research stays and €50,000 for research articles published in prestigious journals. In this last edition, the EGTC GNP received a total of 343 applications, of which 99 were selected for research stays and 71, including the article highlighted in this new edition, for scientific publications.

The researchers Alberto Ramil and Ana J. López, from the Laboratorio de Aplicacións Industriais do Láser (LAIL) of the Centro de Investigación en Tecnoloxías Navais e Industriais (CITENI), at the Campus Industrial de Ferrol (CIF) of the UDC.
The researchers Alberto Ramil and Ana J. López, from the Laboratorio de Aplicacións Industriais do Láser (LAIL) of the Centro de Investigación en Tecnoloxías Navais e Industriais (CITENI), at the Campus Industrial de Ferrol (CIF) of the UDC.